At present, Strategy of Agricultural Development in Georgia 2015-2020 and Rural Development Strategy of Georgia 2017-2020 are the main policy documents guiding the sectoral reforms in the country. The Agricultural Strategy aims at the development of the country’s agriculture through strengthening of small households and forming of profitable production chains, while the goals of Rural Development Strategy are to improve the quality of life and the social conditions of the rural population, based on a combination of increased economic opportunities, more accessible social benefits, a rich cultural life, environmental protection and the sustainable management of natural resources.
Under the EU-Georgia Association Agreement, Georgia is committed to promote agricultural and rural development, in particular through progressive convergence of policies and legislation, including sharing knowledge and best practices of rural development policies to promote economic well-being for rural communities and enhancing the administrative capacities at central and local level to plan, evaluate, implement and enforce policies in accordance with EU regulations and best practices.
The EU is a key donor in this area, with one of the specific objectives of the Single Support Framework for EU support to Georgia (2017-2020) Georgia being: “to improve the competitiveness of the agricultural and of the agri-food sector; to improve employment and living conditions in coastal and rural areas through diversification of the coastal/rural economy and developing infrastructure links (specific objective 4).”
To date, the main tool for achieving this aim in Georgia is the European Neighbourhood Programme for Agriculture and Rural Development (ENPARD).